The domain of computer offenses including cyber offenses, engages in locating and enforcing offenses committed via the internet.
As is well known, the technological era in which we live and the information revolution that resulted from such, have created a situation where almost any daily action is carried out through a computer or smart phone, which in fact exposes all computer, internet or a smart-phone users to involvement in an offense, whether such being a victim of an offense or a partner or committing an offense.
In light of this, and following the public interest in maintaining and protecting the computer and the information stored on it, the law enforcement authorities in Israel began paying maximal attention to cyber offenses.
This among others, by training and establishing dedicated units for handling the issue, allocation of advanced technological resources as well as by synchronizing or in police language – “combining forces” various and diversified units such as the tax authorities, the Israel Money Laundering Prohibition Authority, and more.
Thus, there are two main types of criminal activities committed through the computer on the internet:
- Criminal offenses committed against a computer. Meaning its contents and operation.
- Criminal offenses committed through a computer toward other parties.